Členská organizácia International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF)
New Report: Slovak Women Struggle to Buy Birth Control
For too many Slovak women, modern contraceptives remain tragically out of reach, according to a new report released by the Center and its partners Freedom of Choice Slovakia and Citizen, Democracy, and Accountability. Read more…
Abortions in Slovakia
Abortions in the Slovak Republic 2009 – A publication dedicated for the professional public released in the edition Health Statistics.Base for processing statistical data contained in given publication is the template Request for induced interruption of pregnancy and abortion report (Z (MZ SR) 7-12).
All sorts of abortions are liable to mandatory reporting – spontaneous (self-acting in the past), legally induced abortions (LIA), and other abortions including cases of terminated ectopic pregnancies performed in health care facilities (state-owned or private) in SR. Requests for legally induced abortions (LIA) which were not accorded are not liable to reporting. The duty to report all sorts of abortions is resulting from valid legal standards. Collection of reports and processing on behalf of the health service in frame of the State Information System is performed by the National Health Information Center, which assures on a monthly basis the preparation and checking of monitored data, and handing over the data files to the Statistical Office of SR for the purpose of demographic statistics.
The publication contains development rows of selected data of the period 1960 – 2009 in SR, and data by counties and districts in 2009. Major part of tables provides data on abortions by territorial split of mother´s residence (permanent address in SR) except Tables 10 and 20, where data are sorted by territorial reference of the abortion performing care facility. 17 935 abortions were performed in 2009 (including ectopic pregnancies), which is by 517 less than in the year before. Calculated to 100 born children it represents 31,1 % and 14,6 ‰ per 1 000 females in fertile age (15 – 44). 9 970 induced interruptions (LIA) were performed in 2009 which represents a decrease by 899 compared with 2008. 1 328 LIA were performed from medical reasons.
Reproductive Behaviour of Slovak Women (1997)
Actual sexual and reproductive practices of the population, level of knowledge of possible ways of protection from unwanted pregnancy, social acceptance of respective contraceptive methods and devices and the level of knowledge of sexual and reproductive health must be known so that the Slovak health authorities as well as international and local nongovernmental organizations can contribute to the optimization of the reproductive health of the Slovak population.
Based on answers of Slovak women, this study is aimed at analysing opinions and reproductive practices of women of fertile age who undoubtedly make up the most important goal group from the point of view of family planning. The poll has also focused on sexual practices of young girls and on the women’s knowledge of reproductive-health principles as well as on the reasons why women risking unwanted pregnancy do not use contraceptive devices. Furthermore, the study investigates demographic and socio-cultural relationships of respective attitudes and views.
The project has been carried out for and on behalf of the Society for Family Planning and Parenthood Education based in Bratislava which has been engaged in arousing public awareness and spreading information in this field since 1991. Full research avaiable here.
Slovakia: Fertility between tradition and modernity
In the last 60 years, Slovakia has experienced comparatively high and most recently very low fertility, long periods of stable fertility alternating with periods of changes, periods of substantial as well as lesser state interventions. Fertility was above replacement in 1990 and declined to the lowest-low levels during the period of transformation. Postponement of life course transitions – leaving the parental home, marrying and becoming a parent – became widespread among younger cohorts after 1990. High unemployment of young adults, increasing economy-driven migration and problems to gain a stable job contribute to this phenomenon. Reproductive behavior is changing, yet Slovak society remains culturally conservative. The dominant form of partnership is marriage, although extra-marital childbearing is rising. Cohabitation is spreading mainly as a prelude to marriage but is not widely approved. Population measures have a long tradition, although 15 years after regime change their nature is very different than that of the state socialist era. Considerable attention was and is being paid to population problems, however, the government has not designed and implemented a comprehensive system of family and population policies.
Research conducted by INFOSTAT – Demographic Research Centre, Slovakia. Full research avaiable here.
Shadow report to CEDAW (2008)
Access to sexual and reproductive health services is considerably limited in Slovakia due to health care practitioners‘ refusal to perform them on the basis of the conscientious objection. The current legal framework of the conscientious objection to health interventions does not guarantee timely and effective access to these services, which negatively affects mainly women from rural areas and socially disadvantaged groups. The high price of the individual services, predominantly covered by the patient herself, is yet another obstacle in the access to sexual and reproductive health care. One of the consequences of the significantly high price of contraception is that especially adolescent girls, young women and women from socially disadvantaged groups cannot afford to freely choose the method most suitable to them. In Slovakia, there is no systematic and thorough sexuality education at schools. Adolescents are not normally provided relevant information on protection against unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV/AIDS, on sexuality issues or on the rights related to sexual and reproductive health. The State does not deal with the sexual and reproductive health issue in a systematic and comprehensive way. A sexual and reproductive health strategy clearly identifying its aspects, including the human rights aspect, has not been adopted to date.